Nearly 30 U.S. lawmakers – including three from Oregon and
four Republicans – called on President Joe Biden to back ending the listing of
cannabis as a controlled substance.
“Descheduling,” as it’s known, would amount to
legalization, something the president has yet to embrace.
The call, in a letter organized by the Congressional
Cannabis Caucus, came as another session of Congress appeared
set to close without substantial progress on cannabis reform.
in October asked federal agencies to re-evaluate the classification of
cannabis as a Schedule I controlled substance in line with heroin and LSD with
no accepted medical use.
That could result in cannabis becoming a Schedule II or III
drug under the Controlled Substances Act, which would allow for medical uses
but could at the same time complicate existing state-legal markets.
“The instruction for the U.S. Departments of Health and
Human Services and Justice to review the scheduling of marijuana in the
Controlled Substances Act was necessary and welcome,” the letter said.
“However, it is time to deschedule marijuana. While Congress works to send
you a comprehensive legalization bill, the administration should recognize the
merits of full descheduling.”
Portland Democratic Rep. Earl Blumenauer was a signatory as
a member of the Congressional Cannabis Caucus, while Oregon’s two senators, Ron
Wyden and Jeff Merkley, both Democrats, signed on to the letter.
While Biden can’t deschedule cannabis on his own, the letter
urges the administration to take a firm position in support of the move.
“House Republicans and Democratic Senate leadership
have introduced a number of their own bills aimed at doing the same,” the
letter says. “While we do not always agree on specific measures, we
recognize across the aisle that continued federal prohibition and criminalization
of marijuana does not reflect the will of the broader American electorate. It
is time that your administration’s agenda fully reflect this reality as
Under the Controlled Substances Act, the Drug Enforcement
Agency can make drug scheduling changes “through a notice-and-comment
rulemaking process, in consultation with the Department of Health and Human
The report goes on to note:
Although the president may not unilaterally deschedule or
reschedule a controlled substance, he does possess a large degree of indirect
influence over scheduling decisions. The President could pursue the appointment
of agency officials who favor descheduling, or use executive orders to direct
DEA, HHS, and FDA to consider administrative descheduling of marijuana. The
notice-and-comment rulemaking process would take time, and would be subject to
judicial review if challenged, but could be done consistently with the CSA’s
Here’s the full text of the letter singed by 29 lawmakers
and dated Thursday:
Dear President Biden:
On October 6th, you took a crucial and overdue step in the
work to end the federal government’s failed and discriminatory prohibition of
cannabis. The instruction for the U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services
and Justice to review the scheduling of marijuana in the Controlled Substances
Act was necessary and welcome. However, it is time to deschedule marijuana.
While Congress works to send you a comprehensive legalization bill, the
administration should recognize the merits of full descheduling.
To date, 37 states have enacted medical marijuana programs,
including 21 states that have also decriminalized adult use of marijuana. Many
of these reforms have been adopted through ballot measures and center public
health and safety, prevent the distribution of marijuana to minors, invest in
communities most harmed by prohibition, and hold cannabis businesses to the
highest standards. Following the lead of these states, members from both
parties have introduced legislation to fully legalize marijuana and help remedy
the failed war on drugs.
During the 117th Congress, the Democrat-led House of
Representative voted for the second time to pass a proposal to legalize
marijuana and correct the injustices and harms of federal prohibition.
Meanwhile, House Republicans and Democratic Senate leadership have introduced a
number of their own bills aimed at doing the same. While we do not always agree
on specific measures, we recognize across the aisle that continued federal
prohibition and criminalization of marijuana does not reflect the will of the
broader American electorate. It is time that your administration’s agenda fully
reflect this reality as well.
Marijuana does not belong in Schedule I of the Controlled
Substances Act, a classification intended for exceptionally dangerous
substances with high potential for abuse and no medical use. The decision to
schedule marijuana was rooted in stigma rather than an evidence-based process,
and it is time to fully remedy this wrong. Descheduling marijuana can uphold
federal and state authority to regulate cannabis, while also authorizing states
that wish to continue to prohibit cannabis production and sales the right to do
Additionally, unjust scheduling of marijuana and normalizing
federal cannabis regulation go hand-in-hand — like ending restrictions placing
disproportionate burden on researchers seeking to study marijuana compared to
other Schedule I substances. The federal government must correct this
prohibition and the continued criminalization of otherwise legal marijuana —
allowing research to meaningfully advance, creating legal job opportunities,
promoting public safety not unjust incarceration, and upholding established
state regulation of cannabis production, taxation, and sales. We cannot negate
the need for legislative action and federal guidance on many of these
components, but all branches of the federal government must recognize the need
for the descheduling of marijuana and in a manner that protects the will of
each state and the markets and regulations that are within their authority to
Law enforcement, our small businesses, and medical practices
are also caught in the federal-state policy gap on cannabis. Descheduling is
necessary to end the harmful federal marijuana prohibition and help our law
enforcement officers appropriately prioritize public safety. Descheduling also
provides the clearest path to address the legal uncertainty facing small
businesses in states with regulated cannabis markets. by creating opportunities
for regulating and taxing commercial marijuana activities. Over 400,000
employees are supported by the legal cannabis industry and estimates suggest an
employment potential of approximately 1.5 million to 1.75 million workers in a
mature US legal cannabis market. The industry also sold a combined $24.6
billion worth of cannabis products last year and generated over $3.7 billion in
tax revenue from sales. These numbers suggest that descheduling cannabis will
have positive economic and employment benefits for millions of people.
Descheduling will also help advance medical marijuana’s potential as a
therapeutic option for conditions such as chronic pain, insomnia, and anxiety,
which over 60 U.S. and international health organizations support patient access
We expect the Departments of Health and Human Services and
Justice to continue to expeditiously conduct your directed review of
marijuana’s scheduling. While Congress works to send you comprehensive cannabis
legislation, the urgency of full descheduling should inform the
Administration’s position on overall cannabis reform. Marijuana’s continued
inappropriate scheduling is both arcane and out-of-touch with the will of the
American people. We look forward to your Administration working transparently and
proactively with Congress to enact this crucial step.
Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR), Rep. David Joyce (R-OH), Sen.
Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA), Rep. Brian Mast (R-FL), Sen.
Cory Booker (D-NJ), Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR), Sen. Jeffrey Merkley (D-OR), Rep.
Nancy Mace (R-SC), Rep. Jim McGovern (D-MA), Rep. Nikema Williams (D-GA), Rep.
Jared Huffman (D-CA), Rep. Dina Titus (D-NV), Rep. Troy Carter (D-LA), Rep.
Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC), Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-IL), Rep. Katie Porter
(D-CA), Rep. Matt Gaetz (R-FL), Rep. Seth Moulton (D-MA), Rep. Bonnie Watson
Coleman (D-NJ), Rep. Lou Correa (D-CA), Rep. Mike Quigley (D-IL), Rep. Steve
Cohen (D-TN), Rep. Marie Newman (D-IL), Rep. Mark Pocan (D-WI), Rep. Angie
Craig (D-MN), Rep. Dwight Evans (D-PA), Rep. Salud Carbajal (D-CA), Rep. Cori